Around 1260, protocols (registers) were introduced to the notarial practice of Dubrovnik, in which the short version of the legal transaction was recorded. As elsewhere in Southern Europe, an entry in the Dubrovnik protocol was regarded as the principal record of the transaction, and not the charter issued. Therefore, all the notaries at the end of their duty had to hand over their protocols, to be kept in the official archives and to serve when a new copy of a document was needed or if the question on authenticity was raised. Thus, by deliberation of the Minor Council of 1326, the former notary Andrija Benessa was required to bring his protocols (catasticha) to the communal chancellery after completing the drafting of the instruments.
Dubrovnik, 20 November 1326
HR-DADU-1 Reformationes, vol. 8, f. 70r.