King Ludwig II of Bavaria (* 25 August 1845 in Nymphenburg Castle, + 13 June 1886 at Lake Starnberg)
King Ludwig II mainly grew up at Hohenschwangau Castle near Füssen. At the age of 16, Ludwig became aware of Richard Wagner’s operas for the first time. They left a deep and lifelong impression on him. He succeeded to the throne at the age of 18 after his father’s death. His main focus was on the promotion of music and culture. Indeed, Ludwig took his governmental affairs very seriously, but had little interest in military matters. He was more interested in art, architectural projects and technical innovations and had a strong tendency to romanticism. Nevertheless, he had to wage two wars (in 1866 and 1870/71), less for political reasons, but rather because of social pressure.
Ludwig II increasingly withdrew from public life and was barely seen during the daytime. Instead, he preferred going for a walk by night and was thus called “Moon King”. It was only because of the construction of his castles (Neuschwanstein Castle, Linderhof Castle and Herrenchiemsee Castle) that he still took an interest in the outside world, but as he spent all his royal revenues and got highly indebted, his castles could never be completed. That is why, in 1886, his ministries declared him insane. Afterwards, Ludwig was transported to Berg Castle on the shores of Lake Starnberg, where he drowned under mysterious circumstances together with Dr Bernhard von Gudden on 13 June 1886.
The notarial act
Munich, 10 September 1873 (sales contract)
Herreninsel (also known as Herrenwörth), with a total area of 238 hectares, is the largest of the three main islands on Lake Chiemsee. Until secularisation in 1803, the island was owned by the Convent of Herrenchiemsee. After the dissolution of the Diocese of Lake Chiemsee in 1808, the island was in changing ownership. In 1870, the trees on the island were almost completely cleared by a wood producer of Baden-Württemberg, who owned the island for a short time. Fortunately, Ludwig II purchased Herrenchiemsee Island for 350,000 florins in 1873 and saved the forest. The idea of building a castle on the island emerged only in 1874/75, when the construction plans of Meicost Ettal, or Tmeicos Ettal, a residential palace following the model of Versailles, became more and more extensive, so that the surface of the planned building site in Graswang Valley became too small. Thus, Ludwig relocated his “Versailles” to Herreninsel on Lake Chiemsee.
Ludwig himself was not present to sign the sales contract before notary Karl Hacker in Munich, but empowered his court secretary Lorenz von Düfflipp to complete the legal transaction. Therefore, the power of attorney signed by the king himself is attached to the notarial act.
StAM (EIH) notarial office Munich III, register number 2391/1873
Original, paper, stapled, 33 x 22 cm