EXHIBITION AT THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
Brussels, 11-15 November 2019
Notaries and New Technologies
The European Parliament is hosting the exhibition “Europe Enacted – A history of Europe told through the acts of notaries” from 11 to 15 November 2019.
The exhibition aims to highlight notarial acts of major historical value preserved in the national archives. From the 13th to the 20th century, these acts reflect the richness of Europe’s heritage.
The notary’s role is a common thread that runs through the ages and the fulfilment of the notary’s mission follows cultural, societal and economic as well as technological developments. This is why the exhibition also presents the digital tools created by notariats to provide a modern and efficient service for their clients and the States.
European Parliament (ASP Building, 3rd floor, Distribution Centre Area, 3D), Brussels
Council of the Notariats of the European Union
Under the patronage of MEPs Prof. Dr. Angelika Niebler and Rosa Estarás Ferragut
- Will of the King of Portugal D. Alfonso II – Portugal, 1214
- Foreign notaries at the service of Dubrovnik – Croatia, 1284
- First peace of Toruń – Poland, 1411
- Will of Queen Isabella the Catholic – Spain, 1504
- Testimony of the notary Giacomo Baldacchino concerning the Great Siege of Malta which took place on the order of Suleiman the Magnificent – Malta, 1565
- Power of attorney given by Miguel de Cervantes to take legal action against those who printed or intended to print “El Quijote” – Spain, 1605
- Declaration concerning Rembrandt, drawn up by the notary Jacob van Zwieten – Netherlands, 1632
- Obligation by Joseph François Dupleix, former General Commander of the French Establishments in India, with respect to two Amsterdam merchants – France, 1761
- Document of Renunciation signed by the Archduchess Marie-Antoinette of the crowns under the Habsburg dominions – Austria, 1770
- Mutual gift between spouses by Honoré de Balzac and Constance Victoire Rzeweska – France, 1850
- Will of King Leopold I – Belgium, 1857
- Sales contract – Purchase of Herreninsel Island by King Ludwig II of Bavaria – Germany, 1873
- Matrimonial property agreement of Dr István Bittó, Hungarian Royal Prime Minister, and of his wife, Irma Bittó – Hungary, 1890
- Deed for a court-ordered real estate, signed by a Justice of the Peace, acting as a notary – Bulgaria, 1894
- Will of Giuseppe Verdi – Italy, 1900
- Probate inventory of the estate of Johann Strauss – Austria, 1900
- Adoption act – Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (discoverer of X-rays) – Germany, 1903
- Notarial deed of incorporation of Aciéries Réunies de Burbach-Eich-Dudelange (ARBED) – Luxembourg, 1911
- The legacy (decedent estate) after the death of Dr Pavel Turner – Slovenia, 1924
- Will of Alcide De Gasperi – Italy, 1935
- Will of the great diplomat Nicolae Titulescu – Romania, 1940
- Award of the George Cross to the Maltese nation – Malta, 1942
- Page of the index of the Register of Wills (letters T- Ț) drawn up at the notariat of the State of the Romanian People’s Republic and the Region of Bucharest – Romania, 1952 – 1954
- Deed of deposit of the handwritten will of Konstantinos Karamanlis – Greece, 1986
- Notarial deed on the course and outcome of the election of Dietrich, Canon of the archbishop’s domain of St. Peter’s in Salzburg and Provost of Wieting [district of Eberstein], as Abbot of St. Paul’s on 26 March 1283, held at the Benedictine monastery of St. Paul in Lavanttal in Carinthia – Austria, 1283
- The importance of protocols in the notarial practice in Dubrovnik – Croatia, 1326
- Personal profile of the notary – Croatia, 1383
- Five notaries issued in Basel the document in which the Council of Basel asked the Bishop of Lodi to acquire information relating to the dispute between the Archbishop and the Riga Chapter and the Teutonic Order of Livonia – Poland, 1434
- A verse from Erasmus’s prohibited book, the Colloquia, inscribed in the notarial volume of Notary Don Brandano Caxaro – Malta, 1541
- Notarial act regarding privateer Francis Drake’s attack on the island of La Palma – Spain, 1583
- Teaching contract for Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck by notary Lieven Heijlink – Netherlands, 1597
- Annuity purchase by Jean-Baptiste Lully from Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known as Molière – France, 1670
- Will of Boris, Prince Kurakin, Russian Minister of State, adviser to Peter the Great and ambassador to the King of France – France, 1727
- Statement regarding illegal printing of Rousseau’s work by notary Hendrik – Netherlands, 1762
- Will of Georgios son of Petrobey Mavromichalis – Greece, 1831
- Contract of dowry – Greece, 1842
- Inventory after death of Frédéric Chopin – France, 1849
- Donation of Eleni Tositsa, wife of Michael Tositsas – Greece, 1860
- Legal and inheritance contract – Slovenia, 1860
- Inventory after death of the Dowager Queen of Sweden and Norway, in her hotel, rue d’Anjou – France, 1861
- Inheritance contract – Slovenia, 1873
- Marriage Contract of Emile Mayrisch and Aline de Saint-Hubert – Luxembourg, 1894
- Deed for purchase and sale of a real estate signed by a notary – Bulgaria, 1903
- Approval of the division of the inheritance of the children of the writer Kálmán Mikszáth concerning the estate purchased by the Hungarian State as a gift for their father – Hungary, 1923
- Deed of establishment of the public limited company “HELLENIC CONSERVATOIRE” and Excerpt from its Constitution – Greece, 1923
- Will of Baron Géza Lukacich of Somorja, Lieutenant General, and of his wife – Hungary, 1925
- Testament du Baron Géza Lukacich de Somorja, Lieutenant Général, et de son épouse – Hongrie, 1942
- Last will of George Franz Josef Luitpold Maria of Bavaria – Germany, 1943
- Notary letter of invitation (enforceable) – Bulgaria, 1943
- Notarial act of incorporation of Neuhaus Ltd. – Belgium, 1969
- Ana Aslan’s Certificate of Succession and the first page of the succession inventory – Romania, 1988
Notaries and New Technologies
Since 2010, the payment order procedure has been a competence of notaries. It is a fast and efficient method for the recovery of financial claims. It is mandatory in the case of overdue financial claims not exceeding 3 million forints, i.e. the claimant cannot take legal action. If the amount of the claim is between 3 and 30 million forints, the claimant may decide whether or not to take legal action.
Under Directive (EU) 2019/1151, Member States must ensure that limited liability companies can be incorporated entirely online without the founders having to appear in person before a court, notary or any other body competent under national law. The German Federal Chamber of Notaries (Bundesnotarkammer) will provide an innovative digital framework that will enable notaries to offer an online service that guarantees a simple and secure approach to the formation of a German limited liability company (GmbH) by exclusively digital means.
Being well advised by the notary – this is the very purpose of notarial involvement in the field of company law. Digitalisation is not a point of reference, but participating in it is most probably a way of preserving notarial involvement. For this reason, the National Council of the Austrian Notariat has launched the project “Founding a GmbH online with a notary’s support”. After a preliminary phase of approximately 48 months, the legal framework was created on 1 January 2019 to launch the actual process of setting up the GmbH “entirely online”.
The Notarial Certification Agency (Ancert) was created by the General Council of the Spanish Notariat in 2002 to promote the use of technology for the benefit of citizens. The electronic notarial signature, the single computerised index, the private notarial network and the integrated notarial management system are the cornerstones on which Ancert’s technological infrastructure is based and they have made the Spanish notariat the reference in terms of modernity and adaptation to the new technologies of the legal sector.
The story of a dream and how a notary helps you (in part) to make it come true
This animated video lets us become “witnesses” of the meetings that “Pedro and Cristina” have with the notary “Lucia” to buy a house financed by a mortgage loan.
The possibility of setting up businesses between European countries through a fully online process should become a reality in the European Union, with a deadline of August 2021, according to the new Directive 2019/1151 as regards the use of digital tools and processes in company law, approved by the European Parliament in June 2019.
In France, to prepare the notariat of tomorrow and meet the needs of its clients, the notarial profession has equipped itself with advanced technological means such as digital identity, electronic authentic instruments and videoconferencing.
The Valletta Notarial Archives recently started a collaboration called “NotaryPedia”. It aims to make the invaluable body of knowledge available in the archives more easily accessible and searchable by researchers and the general public.
While real estate sales traditionally go directly (peer to peer) through an estate agent or through a notary, Biddit links the seller’s property directly with a large number of potential buyers on a digital platform. The notary ensures the quality & comprehensiveness of the sale project and guarantees full legal compliance in the Biddit process. For the user, Biddit generates multiple and unique advantages: the speed of property purchase is faster (up to 10 weeks faster), full transparency is provided during the sale process (number of bidders, sale price,…) and greater convenience (make a bid anywhere, anytime and at your own pace).